LOCATION: Mumbai, India INSTRUCTOR: Yogesh Saoji COLLABORATOR: Will Gordon, Junran Yang, Lu Tian, Kristiina Yang, Claudia Zarazua, Naeem Shahrestani, Stephen Skilton, Ben Nathan AREA: 1,800 ACRES (1,000 potentially developable)
The waterfront shares many of Mumbai’s economic, social, infrastructural, and environmental concerns, but offers a unique opportunity to address them through redevelopment and reinvention. This opportunity requires planners to define and address resiliency in Mumbai’s Eastern Waterfront, especially in its economy, housing, infrastructure, environment, and identity.
The plan defines resilience in the context of Mumbai and the Eastern Waterfront and presents a vision and goals for its future development. The plan’s frameworks, which serve as its backbone throughout the entire site’s development, contain a variety of strategies addressing the waterfront’s economy, housing, infrastructure, and environment. A structure plan, along with three elaborative small district plans provides catalytic actions to spur resilient development throughout the waterfront.
Finally, plan implementation is presented, including the plan’s metrics, phasing, governance, and financing, as well as case studies for comparison. Through the entire plan, Mumbai’s Eastern Waterfront will demonstrate resilience, reestablish Mumbai on a global stage, embrace and promote the city’s unique identity, and serve as a replicable model of development.
Located on the western coast of India, Mumbai has a deep history of being tied to the water. Due to massive population growth and being constrained on three sides by water, the city has expanded northward, including a large suburban area within the Greater Mumbai Metro region, totaling an area of 4,82.7 square kilometers. With its close relationship to the water, and the formation of a good natural harbor, Mumbai has two major ports, together accounting for over 60% of India’s maritime trade.
The study area, the Mumbai docklands, is owned by the Mumbai Port Trust (MbPT). This area is the older of the two major ports within the larger Mumbai Metro. The docklands area is approximately 1,800 acres and consists of a number of uses, including warehouses, docks, formal and informal housing, tank farms, and mangrove forest. There are a broad set of issues which stem from the existing conditions of the site, ranging from historical context, economic performance, to environmental challenges.
10 % POP INCREASE RATE DECADELY
DECLINING PORT ECON SINCE 2007
PUBLIC UTILITY SEVERLY LACKING
HABITAT THREATENED AREAS
EXISTING ISSUES VS FRAMEWORK PLAN
We envision a waterfront that is environmentally sustainable, climate change resilient and embraces its natural and cultural history.The Mumbai eastern waterfront will serve as a model for future development in Mumbai and waterfronts around the world.
The district has a population of around 3,000 people within an area of approximately 400 acres. The land use map shows 250 acres are industrial land use, including oil storage, truck staging, and warehousing. The land occupied by the oil storage is heavily polluted; there are 100 acres of coastal wetland and mangrove forests, including the flamingo habitat; there are also approximately 50 acres of current residential, commercial, and vacant land, including the Koli Fisher Village and the Sewri Fort. With the majority of the population in this district falling into the economically weaker sections (EWS), the district contains little public infrastructure. Most of the roads are for oil trucks moving throughout the area which leads to poor conditions from heavy use and little maintenance. This district is also under risk of flooding in both the north and south portions of the Sewri District.
Removal and environmental remediation of hazardous activities
Sustainable Infrastructure District
TOD with public facilities & institutions
Incremental upgrading of Koli Fisher Village
The eco-trail connects to the waterfront promenade in Byculla East. At its entrance to the Sewri District, the trail would act as a ceremonial area to hold local events, performances, and markets. The trail would then pass Flamingo Point where people can come and celebrate the Flamingo Festival. It would also pass the 16th century Sewri Fort and the proposed Koli Fisher Museum which could highlight the local heritage and culture. If visitors were interested in the live traditional fishing activities, they could visit the proposed Koli Fisher Dock and see the local fishers demonstrating their craft. As the trail goes further north, it would pass the mangroves and infrastructure area.